Do you have any vision problems? If this is the case then there is a possibility that you are suffering from Glaucoma.
Furthermore, Glaucoma definition is simply an eye condition that that results from optic nerve damage.
The abnormal high pressure in your eye is the main cause of the damage. The disease is age insensitive but older people are at a higher risk of being affected.
In addition, it can be hard for you to notice any warning signs thus there is need for regular eye checks. Avoid Glaucoma by looking out for these symptoms to avoid permanent blindness:
The symptoms and signs you will experience vary depending on the stage and type of the condition.
Open-angle Glaucoma has the following symptoms:
• Advanced stages show tunnel vision
• Central vision blind spots
There is also acute angle-closure type of Glaucoma.
These are its signs:
• Eye pain
• Blurred vision
• Vomiting and nausea
• Severe headache
• Reddening eyes
• Halos around lights
You should note that delayed treatment will lead to blindness.
Immediate medical care should be sought whenever you experience any of the mentioned conditions. It is recommended that you schedule regular eye examination.
If you are forty years and above please do check up every four years while those of you who are sixty five onwards need to visit your physician every after two years.
Whenever your optic nerve is damaged you will have Glaucoma.
As the damage increases on this central visual nerve, blind spots emerge in your visual field. The reason behind the nerve deterioration is high eye pressure.
The pressure is from increased aqueous humor that draws to your anterior eye chamber. The process takes place via the tissue where cornea and iris meet. Any form of system failure or overproduction of the fluid leads to pressure buildup.
In addition, there are cases where Glaucoma affects families.
This is due to certain gene conditions that are inherited in the family.
There are various types of Glaucoma that include:
• Open Glaucoma, which is common, compared to other conditions.
• Angle-closure Glaucoma or closed-angle Glaucoma
• Children Glaucoma
• Normal-tension Glaucoma
• Pigmentary Glaucoma
Drugs and treatment
The Glaucoma damage cannot be reversed.
However, you should seek medication to prevent or slow down vision loss.
The treatment will depend on the condition. You will treated using eye drops, surgery, oral medication or laser treatment.
With all the above information, you can be more informed glaucoma and its effects.