Fertility is an emotive issue especially to families that have prospects of continuing their lineages.
Fertility is referred to as the ability to create offspring.
This should come as a natural occurrence.
Fertility is an issue that cuts across both genders, male and female. This is contrary to popular belief that only the woman is capable of being fertile or infertile. It is advisable for families to conduct fertility tests early in order to avoid several problems associated with infertility.
For instance, being aware of one`s status will enhance understanding in marriage. Since, fertility is a two way street, this awareness will release pressure away from the women.
It is therefore imperative for men to undertake male fertility tests.
What is Male Fertility?
A fertile male is one who is capable of inducing pregnancy in a woman.
Therefore, male infertility is the inability of a man to induce pregnancy in a woman. Research has proven that male infertility affects 7% of males.
Various factors have been known to cause male infertility.
The following are causes of infertility in men.
These refer to situations that prevent suitable sustenance of the testes.
Moreover, these situations include instances of reduced hormonal sustenance and overall poor health. Several factors have been proven as the main instigators of pre-testicular causes of infertility.
These are tobacco smoking, DNA impairment, and epigenetic factors. Male tobacco smokers suffer the risk of infertility due to various harmful products in tobacco.
When men grow older, the quality of their semen dwindles due to DNA damage. Hence, this might affect their fertility. Moreover, epigenetic factors refer to abnormal structure of the sperm.
This may substantially affect male fertility.
This happens when the testes generate poor quality and quantity of semen.
This happens in spite of good hormonal sustenance.
This therefore greatly influences male fertility.
These causes affect the male genitalia after secretion of semen.
For instance, damage to the genital tract and ejaculation issues.
This may affect male fertility.
Male Fertility Test
In light of the above causes of male infertility, it is imperative for men to undergo fertility tests.
This should start with a visit to the urologist.
The test commences with basic evaluation of the individual`s lifestyle, past medical history and a physical examination.
The physical examination includes sperm and semen analysis. As a rule of thumb, a large sperm count with well-shaped sperms is an indication of fertility. Two semen tests are conducted and the results compared.
If the two tests bear positive similarities, the man is deemed fertile.
Hormonal evaluation is also conducted.
The amount of testosterone influences the amount of sperms produced. A good balance indicates a certain level of fertility.
Genetic testing offers a viable evaluation for fertility assessment.
It is also imperative to note that some men make antibodies against their own sperm. These fight the sperms after ejaculation hence causing infertility.